Ecologically, Wilderculture can achieve results comparable with full rewilding. The difference in how these results are achieved is in how we manage the large herbivore element of the ecosystem. Herbivores in a natural system are ‘controlled’ by predators who keep animals scared and moving. Predated livestock don’t overgraze, they stimulate plant growth, open up the dense habitat floor helping seeds to set and encourage open glades which benefit diversity. In Wilderculture, instead of introducing the large predators, humans act as the predator; hunting un-predated herbivores – such as red deer - and managing different species of livestock to mimic the action of moose, deer, wild boar, and the long lost Auroch.